BAKKARA: VALLEY OF THE KINGS

BAKKARA: VALLEY OF THE KINGS

Located in the District of Bakti Raja, Humbang Hasundutan Regency, North Sumatera Province, a small town called Bakkara is insanely gorgeous. Surrounded by a valley with a fantastic landscape adjacent to Lake Toba, the village is also well known for its impressive historical background. Where once the town witness the reign of the Sisingamangaraja dynasty.

The dynasty existed for more than 400 years, since the 1500’s until 1907. State administrative center was in Bakara, under the leadership of King Sisingamangaraja I – XII. The title Si Singamangaraja which means “The Great Lion King”: (1) the (honorific particle Si from Sanskrit Sri) (2) Great King (Manga raja from Sanskrit Maharaja), (3) Lion (Singa).

The kingdom and the people faced 30 years war against the Dutch who tried to conquer the Land of Batak. The dynasty ended with the death of the last Sisingamangaraja XII, Patuan Besar Ompu Pulo Batu in a heroic battle at Pak-Pak between the Dutch, led by Captain Hans Christoffel, and Sisingamangaraja’s troops. On 17 June 1907 Sisingamangaraja XII was killed in a clash at Dairi along with his daughter Lopian and his sons, Patuan Nagari and Patuan Anggi.

Si Singamangaraja XII was the last in a line of figures known as Parmalim (Batak religious belief) who were regarded as divine kings and incarnations of Batara Guru, the Javanese version of the god Shiva. The Sisingamangaraja was believed to have powers such as the ability drive away evil spirits, call forth the rain and control rice-growing. He was not normally seen as a political figure, but when Dutch colonists and missionaries began penetrating north Sumatra from the 1850s onwards both Sisingamangaraja XI and XII became the focus of Batak resistance to colonial rule.

By Wulung Damardoto
Source: from many sources

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